Theories of psychological care in nursing

Providing Rationale Rationales do not appear on regular care plans, they are included to assist students in associating the pathophysiological and psychological principles with the selected nursing intervention. Introduction to learning theories.

Skinner come the learning theorieswhich state that complex behaviour is learned gradually through the modification of simpler behaviours. For example, the understanding that deviant behaviour like stealing may be learned behaviour resulting from reinforcers like hunger satisfaction that are unrelated to criminal behaviour can aid the development of social controls that address this underlying issue rather than merely the resultant behaviour.

According to this law, if a behavior is done in the presence of a stimulus and achieves to the desired result, it will be a learned behavior and once the stimulus appears again, it will respond to it.

Behavioral determinants of goal outcomes are the different psychological and social constructs that have a direct influence on behavior. Planning and delivering individualized or patient-centered care is the basis for excellence in nursing practice.

Chronic Low Self-Esteem related to complex factors. In contrast, trying to trigger behavior change through something easy to do high ability may succeed even with average motivation. Due to the Thorndike opinion, the main principles of educational providing include the clarity of objectives in education, organizing the contents from simple to complex, emphasis on the evaluation process, providing correct answers to questions, preparing the students for learning in an orderly environment, creating a disciplined environment for training, repeating the correct answer and rewarding the learners after their correct answer to the questions.

Learning theories application in nursing education

Central assumptions of feminine ethics are that women are similar enough to share a common perspective, rooted in the biological capacity and expectation of motherhood, and that characteristically feminine traits include compassion, empathy, nurturance, and kindness.

In this method, each bad or good behavior is based on the student's understanding from desirable or undesirable consequences of behavior and the boundary is not well separated from each other.

Evaluation is an important aspect of the nursing process because conclusions drawn from this step determine whether the nursing intervention should be terminated, continued, or changed.

The foundation of education is based on the behaviorism competence. Science, Morality, and Feminist Theory. Lai Tao, Julia Po-Wah. Behaviorism, cognitive, and constructivism. Joan Tronto Joan Tronto is most known for exploring the intersections of care ethics, feminist theory, and political science.

Care ethicists dispute the inference that because care and justice have evolved as distinct practices and ideals, that they are incompatible. Creating a group discussion and selection of one person as a coordinator in theory sessions and at the patient's bedside can help to shape and strengthen the cooperation.

Other authors examine the relevance of care ethics to the political issues of welfare policy, restorative justice, political agency, and global business.

As an example trying to trigger behavior change through something difficult to do low ability will only succeed with very high motivation.

References and Further Reading Adams, Carol. The students are asked to express the relationship chain that causes this problem.

Meyers, is one the most significant anthologies in care ethics to date.


This practice recognizes that a person is not simply his or her illness. Premised on a fundamental non-contractual human need for care, Held construes care as the most basic moral value.

All the steps in the nursing process are further divided into several individual steps which have a common goal of improving the care of a patient.

While a number of citation and formatting styles exist in scholarly writing, this course focuses on application of the basic rules of the American Psychological Association APA style.

This information upon entry into long-term memory is classified and its general concept will be stored not the exact details. Its application in the context of nurse education. Humanists In learning, they respect the feelings and experiences. This theory focus on delivering nursing care for the whole person to meet the physical, emotional, intellectual, social, and spiritual needs of the client and family.

Peplau defines the nurse and patient relationship which evolve through orientation, identification, resolution and exploitation. Sarah Lucia Hoagland identifies care as the heart of lesbian connection, but also cautions against the dangers of assuming that all care relations are ideally maternalistic Hoagland, Use of these theories in nursing practice helps in gleaning of new data and knowledge which can influence the nursing practice in the future.

These kind of behaviors are not simple Non-routine: Adaptation Theory It defines adaptation as the adjustment of living matter to other living things and to environmental conditions. It should provide the foundations of nursing practice, help to generate further knowledge and indicate in which direction nursing should develop in the future Brown A critical ethic of care understands the global order not as emerging from a unified or homogeneous humanity, but from structures that exploit differences to exclude, marginalize and dominate.

The date the plan is written is essential for for evaluation, review, and future planning. Principles that could be regarded as central to care ethics might pertain to the origin and basic need of care relations, the evaluation of claims of need, the obligation to care, and the scope of care distribution.

Kafka believed that these laws of understanding could be used as well as learning rules. Jones and Bartlett; Nursing interventions can be independent, dependent, or collaborative:.

Psychiatric and Mental Health nursing deals with the care of patients who have emotional and mental health concerns such as depression, anxiety, addiction, and mood disorders.

Nurses care for individuals, families, groups, and communities through counseling, education, and, in some cases, medication to promote mental and emotional health. Madeleine Leininger: One of the newer nursing theories, Transcultural Nursing first appeared in According to Leininger, the goal of nursing is to provide care.

By Jennifer Olin, BSN, RN. Nursing theory — another much dreaded, seemingly forgettable part of the nursing education experience.

You memorize the theorists, try to memorize what they stand for and hope to replay it successfully on nursing school exams. And the whole time, if you are like me, you wonder, "what am I going to do with this when I graduate? The theory is made up of three interconnected theories: the theory of self-care, the theory of self-care deficit and the theory of nursing systems.

Orem said she based her theory on her practice as a nurse and contemporary nursing literature and thought. Psychosocial care theory differs from theory of biomedical care in that the former uses the holistic approach (Sheldon, and Oliviere et al, ) or the diseases, psychology, social and spiritual health of patients whereas the latter care only for patients’ physical ill-health.

Betty Neuman's Systems Model provides a comprehensive holistic. and system-based approach to nursing that contains an element of flexibility. The theory focuses on the response of the patient system to actual or potential environmental stressors and the use of primary, secondary, and tertiary nursing prevention intervention for retention, attainment, and maintenance of patient system wellness.

Theories of psychological care in nursing
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