For any given recording technique, slowing the tape increases recording time, but it also decreases picture quality.
For example, it is sometimes claimed Arthur, that it might have been wiser to have used electric cars at the turn of the century, and not the gasoline-powered internal combustion engine.
Criteria for access to benefits work-related: It makes more sense for a factory to be located a distance away from residential areas for various reasons.
So too does the short run concept of variable costs: Managing integrated care for older people. Another Matsushita subsidiary, Kotobuki, introduced the VX to the home-use market.
He called this "path dependence",  and said that inferior standards can persist simply because of the legacy they have built up. A principal landowner in city B could attract an initial entrant by offering a subsidy, or could undertake the agglomeration economy activity at an initial loss.
Economics[ edit ] Path dependence theory was originally developed by economists to explain technology adoption processes and industry evolution. On the other hand, the choice of A is not an instance of third-degree path dependence if no one in society has the information that is in the table.
Results Our analyses revealed the complexity and fragmentation of institutional integration. A closely related development is the literature of hysteresis in economic variables. These divergences, which are illustrated below, take into account the complexity of the construction of collective rules for the development and implementation of coherent and integrated gerontology public policies.
For example, in the selection of a standard, an adopter benefits if he is later joined by other adopters. The path-dependence of emergent strategy has been observed in behavioral experiments with individuals and groups.
Ownership of a technology can take various forms including ownership of critical inputs, patent, copyright, and industrial design. In both the strong and semi-strong forms that Roe defines, there is no possibility of improvement and therefore no socially relevant inefficiency or remediable loss, to be considered.
For example, the analyst might examine the system under investigation for contradictions or problems that might eventually lead to the establishment of a new policy or technology pathway.
Alternatively, ownership of other unique resources, such as transportation facilities, may constitute opportunities to internalize the agglomeration economies.
Path dependence is the idea that decisions we are faced with depend on past knowledge trajectory and decisions made, and are thus limited by the current competence base. In other words, history matters for current decision-making situations and has a strong influence on strategic planning.
Path dependence, the tendency of institutions or technologies to become committed to develop in certain ways as a result of their structural properties or their beliefs and values.
As a theory, path dependence is based on the straightforward assumption that “history matters.” It attempts to.
Jun 30, · Thus, from a historical analysis using the path dependence theoretical framework, today's French welfare system is the product of the conjunction of a founding path (largely Bismarkian, although ambiguous) with two reforming paths (Beveridgian and new public governance).
Path dependence explains how the set of decisions one faces for any given circumstance is limited by the decisions one has made in the past or by the events that one has experienced, even though past circumstances may no longer be relevant.
The concept of path dependence refers to a property of contingent, non-reversible dynamical processes, including a wide array of biological and social processes that can properly be described as ‘evolutionary’.
Roe’s "weak path dependence" is not noticeably different from his "false path dependence" which appears to be his terminology for first-degree path dependence. The only difference between Roe’s "false" and "weak" path dependencies appears to be that the former are efficient and the latter are not inefficient.Path dependence